Making Sense of Important Poker HUD Stats

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poker-trackerIf you’ve just started using a poker tracking software tool like Holdem Manager or Poker Tracker to track your opponent’s and take advantage of the real-time heads up display (HUD) then you will want to be able to better understand the different statistics in the HUD, so that you can fully benefit from the software’s potential.

Before you can reach a certain level of confidence in interpreting your poker HUD stats, you need to consider the number of hands you have on the villain. This information is critical because with 50-100 hands you can only know fairly accurately the VPIP and PFR.

Generally speaking, the less frequently an event occurs, the more hands you are going to need on the player in order to be able to get reliable data. So while 100 or fewer hands might be sufficient for PFR and VPIP, you probably need somewhere in the range of 500 or more hands before you can get a more accurate idea about 3 bet/fold to 3 bet stats, fold to cbet, and so on.

Here’s a list of the most important statistics you should pay close attention to in your HUD:

VPIP stands for the number of hands that voluntarily puts money into the pot.

So, for example, a player has a VPIP of 6%, that means he only plays a few hands, something like 88, KQs, AJ+.

Players with a VPIP of 30 or higher are playing very loose, playing any Ax, Broadway hands, any pairs and suited connectors.

PFR stands for raise preflop.

Players should keep in mind that this stat indicates the average pre-flop raise percentage from this player at every position. If a player has a PFR of 10%, for example, and open raises from UTG, he is most likely raising a much tighter range from this position, and it would more then likely actually be around 7% of hands. However, from late position, they will usually raise a wider range of hands to steal the blinds, and his PFR from this position may be closer to 15% of hands.

A player who is open raising 3-6% is very right and only playing very premium hands. A player with a PFR of 10% has a range that includes perhaps some suited connectors, pocket pairs, and strong high card hands. If a player has a PFR of 16 or higher, that means out of all the starting hands you can play, he/she is raising is raising one out of six hands.

3 bet stands for re-raise preflop percentage.

A re-raise means that there has been a single raise, which in online poker cash games, is typically 3-4 times the big blind, and then another raises. This second raise before the flop is known as a 3-bet. This pre-flop stat is important in short handed games, as they tend to play a lot more aggressively online, and players are with non premium hands.

A player with a 3 bet of 3-4% is pretty standard and is re-raising a very selective range of hands that includes big pocket pairs, JJ+, AK, and possibly AQs. A player with a 3 bet stat of 6%, means that the player is re-raising 6% of the time when given the opportunity to 3bet, which is very high.

So from the 3 bet stat, you can get a pretty solid read on a player’s style of player and whether or not you think an opponent is getting out of line preflop.

Fold to 3 bet tells you how often a player is folding to 3 bets.

So, loose players will have much lower fold to 3bet% since they don’t like to fold. A player with a fold to 3bet of 50% is almost certainly a bad player. A fold to 3bet stat of 60-70% is fairly standard in today’s games.

Obviously, when looking at this stat in your HUD, you must also consider the PFR based on the position they’re raising from at the table.